Functions

Wu functions are expressions, but can also be declared using the same notation as struct. For example we can declare functions like this:

add_two: fun(a: int) {
a += 2
}

The following is just as valid, but more ugly:

add_two := fun(a: int) {
a += 2
}

They are the exact same behind the scenes. No difference at all.

Functions return the last expression in their body implicitly(like in Rust) like so:

ten: fun {
10
}
print(ten()) # 10

Why have parentheses if they're empty anyways?

You are still able to use explicit returns:

twenty: fun {
return ten() + ten()
}

Of course, as we're dealing with a decent language, higher order functions are a thing:

apply: fun(f: fun(int) -> int, a: int) -> int {
f(a)
}
# 12
apply(fun(a: int) { a + 2 }, 10)

Now for something vaguely interesting. Splats are basically a catchall parameter, that binds as many arguments you throw at it into an array:

choose_first: fun(things: ...) -> any {
things[0]
}
a := choose_first(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)
print(a) # 1

Of course we can type the splats:

choose_second: fun(floats: ...float) -> float {
floats[1]
}
a := choose_second(1.0, 2.1, 3.8)
print(a) # 2.1